Mivan - A Versatile Formwork
-By Tilak Bhattacharya
tilak83in (at) gmail (dot) com
Under guidance of Mr. A. T. Jadhav
MIVAN is an upcoming technology which has empowered and motivated the mass construction projects throughout the world. In this paper, I have discussed about the pioneering and yet pragmatic approach of this technology with provisions of speed, quality, financial incentives and construction aspects which is required for a successful completion of mass housing project.
Besides, food and clothing, shelter is a basic human need. India has been successful in meeting the food and clothing requirements of its vast population; however the problem of providing shelter of all is defying solutions. “While there has been an impressive growth in the total housing stock from 65 million in 1947 to 187.05 million in 2001, a large gap still exits between the demand and supply of housing units. The Working Group on Housing for the 9th five-year plan estimated the housing shortage in 2001 at 19.4 million units- 12.76 million in rural area and 6.64 million in urban area. The shortage of housing is acutely felt in urban areas –more so in the 35 Indian cities, which according to the 2001 census have a population of more than a million”. ….. (Carol., 2005).
In metro cities, particularly in Mumbai,
Delhi and Kolkata, each having a population in excess of 10 million- the problem is still aggravated. A host of factors are responsible such as the phenomenal growth in population- mainly due to relentless rise in migration- non availability of land, legal hurdles in the form of Land Ceiling and Rent Control (LCRC) acts, paucity of funds, absence of cost effective construction techniques-to mention only a few. Barring a few exceptions, no serious attempts were made in the past to find meaningful solutions to these problems. As a result, we are witnessing a large scale proliferation of slums and squatter settlements in the metros.
The National Housing and Habitat Policy, announced in July 1998, laid stress on the creation of an enabling environment, wherein government assumed the role of a facilitator and the private sector was expected to play a vital role in providing large-scale housing. In the recent years, a number of fiscal measures initiated by the government have given a boost to the housing sector. The easy availability of finance, coupled with lower interest rates and a variety of tax incentives announced by the government in the successive union budgets have triggered massive housing construction in urban and semi urban areas, especially in the middle and higher income groups. However, the low income groups seem to have been left out of the current housing boom.
IN A DEMOCRATIC SET-UP of INDIA, one would agree that this section of the population cannot be ignored and that they also need to be provided with affordable housing; but how this can be achieved remains a permanent question. In this context, the recent affords made in Mumbai under the aegis of the Metropolitan Urban Transport Project (MUTP), Metropolitan Urban Infrastructure Project (MUIP), and the Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) of the government of Maharashtra can provide some guidance. “It is reported that under MUTP and the MUIP schemes nearly 50,000 tenements are being constructed presently and about 20,000 families have already shifted to new flats”. Editor (ICJ).
This paper deals with all the aspects of MIVAN technology, an aluminium formwork developed by the company MIVAN itself. The salient features of this formwork are its speed of construction, quality of construction, seismic resistivity and its economy. All these features are elaborately described in this paper.
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