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Housing Scenario in India

 

 

The progress made by the construction industry of any country could be considered as the index of development of that country. Further, the number of pucca houses built in any country could be another index. While there has been a progressive rise in stock of housing in India since independence, the speed thereof has not kept pace with the rapid growth of population and urbanization. As a result, the shortage of accommodation is increasing continuously and the situation has become acute in urban areas.

 

 

 Table 1.1:- Total population and percentage of population in unauthorized construction.

* (Source: Table 500-012 of census India 2001)

 

Year

Population

Million

Population in authorized accommodation, million %

Population in unauthorized accommodation, million %

1961

4.15

0.50

12

1971

5.97

1.60

27

1981

8.23

3.25

40

1991

9.93

4.45

45

2003

12.50

6.25(approx)

50

 

 Table 1.2:- Shortage of housing in India (all figures in million) **

** Source: As per estimates of National Building Organization

 

 

Shortage of housing in India

From the above tables and graphs the following pictures emerges:-

i) While the total number of households (housing shelter) have increased by about 30 Percent, between 1961to 2003, the total shortage continues to be the same at about 20% of the total households.

ii) The increase in shortage of housing in urban areas has been 50 percent as against 25 percent in rural areas.

 

“The severity of the problem is critical especially in the metropolitan area and a classic example is Mumbai, the housing shortage is as high as 50 percent as against national average of 20 percent”…. (Telang.,2005). “The problem of housing the millions is gigantic and complex and it needs a totally innovative governmental, social and technical approach for arriving at workable solutions, consistent with limitations of a democratic setup”. ….. (Bongiwar.,2005)

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