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What is Non-linear Static Push-over Analysis?


The pushover analysis of a structure is a static non-linear analysis under permanent vertical loads and gradually increasing lateral loads. The equivalent static lateral loads approximately represent earthquake induced forces. A plot of the total base shear versus top displacement in a structure is obtained by this analysis that would indicate any premature failure or weakness. The analysis is carried out upto failure, thus it enables determination of collapse load and ductility capacity. On a building frame, and plastic rotation is monitored, and lateral inelastic forces versus displacement response for the complete structure is analytically computed. This type of analysis enables weakness in the structure to be identified. The decision to retrofit can be taken in such studies.

The seismic design can be viewed as a two step process. The first, and usually most important one, is the conception of an effective structural system that needs to be configured with due regard to all important seismic performance objectives, ranging from serviceability considerations. This step comprises the art of seismic engineering. The rules of thumb for the strength and stiffness targets, based on fundamental knowledge of ground motion and elastic and inelastic dynamic response characteristics, should suffice to configure and rough-size an effective structural system.

Elaborate mathematical/physical models can only be built once a structural system has been created. Such models are needed to evaluate seismic performance of an existing system and to modify component behavior characteristics (strength, stiffness, deformation capacity) to better suit the specified performance criteria.

The second step consists of the design process that involves demand/capacity evaluation at all important capacity parameters, as well as the prediction of demands imposed by ground motions. Suitable capacity parameters and their acceptable values, as well as suitable methods for demand prediction will depend on the performance level to be evaluated.

The implementation of this solution requires the availability of as set of ground motion records (each with three components) that account for the uncertainties and differences in severity, frequency characteristics, and duration due rapture characteristics distances of the various faults that may cause motions at the site. It requires further the capability to model adequately the cyclic load-deformation characteristics of all important elements of the three dimensional soil foundation structure system, and the availability of efficient tools to implement the solution process within the time and financial constraints on an engineering problem.

Purpose of Push-over Analysis



Introduction to Non-Linear Static Push-over Analysis

What is Non-Linear Static Push-over Analysis?

Purpose of Push-over Analysis

Target Displacement

Non-Linear Static Analysis for Buildings

Case Study of Non-Linear Static Analysis using SAP2000

Limitations of Non-Linear Static Push-over Analysis

Conclusion & References